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Unit 4: School Education System
Bài tập trắc nghiệm Tiếng Anh 12 Unit 4 Reading có đáp án
Bài 1. Read the following passage and then choose the best answer.
It is commonly believed that school is where people go to get an education. Nevertheless, it has been said that today children interrupt their education to go to school. The difference between schooling and education implied by this remark is important.
Education is much more open-ended and all-inclusive than schooling. Education knows no limits. It can take place anywhere, whether in the shower or on the job, whether in the kitchen or on a tractor. It includes both the formal learning that takes place in school and the whole universe of informal learning. The agent (doer) of education can vary from respected grandparents to the people arguing about politics on the radio, from a child to a famous scientist. Whereas schooling has a certain pdictability, education quite often produces surprises. A chance conversation with a stranger may lead a person to discover how little is known of other religions. People receive education from infancy on. Education, then, is a very broad, inclusive term. It is a lifelong process, a process that starts long before the start of school, and one that should be an integral part of one’s entire life.
Schooling, on the other hand, is a specific, formalized process, whose general pattern varies little from one setting to the next. Throughout a country, children arrive at school at approximately the same time, take assigned seats, are taught by an adult, use similar textbooks, do homework, take exams, and so on. The slices of reality that are to be learned, whether they are the alphabet or an understanding of the workings of government, have usually been limited by the boundaries of the subject being taught. For example, high school students know that they are not likely to find out in their classes the truth about political problems in their communities or what the newest filmmakers are experimenting with. There are definite conditions surrounding the formalized process of schooling.
Question 1. In the passage, the expssion “children interrupt their education to go to school” mostly implies that …………….
A. schooling pvents people discovering things
B. schooling takes place everywhere
C. all of life is an education
D. education is totally ruined by schooling
Question 2. What does the writer mean by saying “education quite often produces surprises”?
A. Educators often produce surprises.
B. Informal learning often brings about unexpected result
C. Success of informal learning is pdictable.
D. It’s surprising that we know little about other religions
Question 3. Which of the following would the writer support?
A. Without formal education, people won’t be able to read and write.
B. Going to school is only part of how people become educated.
C. Schooling is of no use because students do similar things every day.
D. Our education system needs to be changed as soon as possible.
Question 4. According to the passage, the doers of education are ……………
A. only respected grandparents B. mostly famous scientists
C. mainly politicians D. almost all people
Question 5. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Education and schooling are quite different experience.
B. The more years students go to school, the better their education is.
C. Students benefit from schools, which require long hours and homework.
D. The best schools teach a variety of subjects.
Question 6. The word “they” in the last paragraph refers to ………………
A. workings of governments B. newest filmmakers
C. political problems D. high school students
Question 7. The word “all-inclusive” in the passage mostly means …………….
A. including everything or everyone
B. going in many directions
C. involving many school subjects
D. allowing no exceptions
Question 8. This passage is mainly aimed at …………….
A. telling the difference between the meanings of two related words “schooling” and “education”
B. telling a story about excellent teachers
C. listing and discussing several educational problems
D. giving examples of different schools
Bài 2. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
In my experience, freshmen today are different from those I knew when I started as a counselor and professor 25 years ago. College has always been demanding both academically and socially. But students now are less mature and often not ready for the responsibility of being in college.
It is really too easy to point the finger at parents who protect their children from life’s obstacle. Parents, who handle every difficulty and every other responsibility for their children writing admission essays to picking college courses, certainly may contribute to their children’s lack of coping strategies. But we can look even more broadly to the social trends of today.
How many people do you know who are on medication to pvent anxiety or depssion? The number of students who arrive at college already medicated for unwanted emotions has increased dramatically in the past 10 years. We, as a society, don’t want to “feel” anything unpleasant and we certainly don’t want our children to “suffer”.
Our world is more stressful in general because of the current economic and political realities, but I don’t believe that the college experience itself is more intense today than that of the past 10 years. What I do think is that many students are often not ppared to be young “adults” with all the responsibilities of life.
What does this mean for college faculty and staff? We are required to assist in the basic parenting of these students – the student who complains that the professor didn’t remind her of the due date for an assignment that was clearly listed on the syllabus and the student who cheats on an assignment in spite of careful instructions about plagiarism.
As college professors, we have to explain what it means to be an independent college student before we can even begin to teach. As parents and teachers we should expect young people to meet challenges. To encourage them in this direction, we have to step back and let them fail and pick themselves up and move forward. This approach needs to begin at an early age so that college can actually be a passage to independent adulthood.
A. too ready for college B. not as mature
C. not so academic D. responsible for their work
A. deal with B. gain benefits from C. lend a hand to D. point at
A. the absence of parents’ protection B. the lack of parental support
C. the over-parenting from parents D. the lack of financial support
Question 4. Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?
A. College faculty and staff are required to help in the parenting of problematic students.
B. The college experience itself is more intense today than that of the past 10 years.
C. Our world is more stressful because of the current economic and political situation.
D. Our society certainly doesn’t want our children to experience unpleasant things.
A. to be assigned more housework from adults
B. to be given more social responsibilities
C. to be encouraged to meet challenges
D. daily coaching from their teachers
A. help students to learn to stand on their own feet
B. allow students to learn the first lesson in their lives
C. defeat students from the very beginning
D. discourage students and let them down forever
Question 7. What is probably the writer’s attitude in the passage?
A. Praising B. Indifferent C. Humorous D. Critial
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